The Battle at Agincourt is famous for the heroic fight between the outnumbered English archers and the French iron-clad chivalry. This year England and France commemorates the battle. Here is a list of more recent scholarship
by Adrian R. Bell, Anne Curry, Andy King et al
Oxford University Press 2013
The Hundred Years War was a struggle for control over the French throne, fought as a series of conflicts between England, France, and their respective allies. The Soldier in Later Medieval England is the outcome of a project which collects the names of every soldier known to have served the English Crown from 1369 to the loss of Gascony in 1453, the event which is traditionally accepted as the end-date of the Hundred Years War. The data gathered throughout the project has allowed the authors of this volume to compare different forms of war, such as the chevauchees of the late fourteenth century and the occupation of French territories in the fifteenth century, and thus to identify longer-term trends. It also highlights the significance of the change of dynasty in England in the early 1400s.
The scope of the volume begins in 1369 because of the survival from that point of the “muster roll,” a type of documentary record in which soldiers names are systematically recorded. The muster roll is a rich resource for the historian, as it allows closer study to be made of the peerage, the knights, the men-at-arms (the esquires), and especially the lower ranks of the army, such as the archers, who contributed the largest proportion of troops to English royal service. The Soldier in Later Medieval England seeks to investigate the different types of soldier, their regional and national origins, and movement between ranks. This is a wide-ranging volume, which offers invaluable insights into a much-neglected subject, and presents many opportunities for future research.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
Adrian Bell is Chair in the History of Finance, ICMA Centre, University of Reading,
Anne Curry, Professor of Medieval History and Dean of the Faculty of Humanities, University of Southampton
Andy King, Research Fellow in History, University of Southampton
David Simpkin, Honorary Visiting Fellow, ICMA Centre, University of Reading
by Tobias Capwell
Thomas Del Mar Ltd 2015
This detailed, lavishly illustrated book chronicles the armour worn by English men-at-arms during the later phases of the Hundred Years War, as they fought through the great victories and humiliating defeats in France that would ultimately lead them into the War of the Roses.
For the first time, many unknown or rarely published visual and documentary sources have been brought together to reveal the beautiful and intimidating accoutrements of the war-like English. Hugh sums were paid by the chivalric elite for human exo-skeletons of hardened steel glittering with engraved and gilded decoration, the form, function and style of which was as characteristic of the English as were their feared longbowmen.
Employing rich imagery in diverse media, combined with detailed technical and decorative analysis, Armour of the English Knight creates a unique visual journey through the physical world of the late medieval armoured warrior.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Tobias Capwell is the Curator of Arms and Armour at the Wallace Collection. He is also a renowned champion of European tournaments in the 21st century
By Ian Friel
The History Press 2015
Without Henry V’s Navy, the Battle of Agincourt would never have happened. Henry’s fleet played a major – if often unrecognised – part in enabling the king to come within reach of final victory in the Hundred Years War against France. Henry’s navy was multinational, and comprised his own royal fleet, English merchantmen and many foreign vessels from the Netherlands, the Baltic and Venice. It was one of the most successful fleets deployed by England before the time of Elizabeth I. The royal fleet was transformed in Henry’s short reign from a few dilapidated craft into a powerful weapon of war, with over thirty fighting vessels, up-to-date technology and four of the biggest ships in Europe. With new insights derived from extensive research into documentary, pictorial and archaeological sources, Henry V’s Navy is about the men, ships and operations of Henry’s sea war. Ian Friel explores everything from shipboard food to how crews and their ships sailed and fought, and takes an in-depth look at the royal ships. He also tells the dramatic and bloody story of the naval conflict, which at times came close to humiliating defeat for the English.
by Rémy Ambühl
Cambridge University Press 2013
The status of prisoners of war was firmly rooted in the practice of ransoming in the Middle Ages. By the opening stages of the Hundred Years War, ransoming had become widespread among the knightly community, and the crown had already begun to exercise tighter control over the practice of war. This led to tensions between public and private interests over ransoms and prisoners of war. Historians have long emphasised the significance of the French and English crowns’ interference in the issue of prisoners of war, but this original and stimulating study questions whether they have been too influenced by the state-centred nature of most surviving sources. Based on extensive archival research, this book tests customs, laws and theory against the individual experiences of captors and prisoners during the Hundred Years War, to evoke their world in all its complexity.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Rémy Ambühl is Lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Southampton
By Adrian R. Bell
Boydell Press 2004
Little is known about the soldiers who fought in the Hundred Years War, though much about tactics and weapons. Adrian Bell’s book redresses the balance: he explores the ‘military community’ through focusing on the records of the two royal expeditions led by Richard Fitzalan, earl of Arundel, in 1387 and 1388, where the extensive surviving evidence makes it possible to identify those who served on these expeditions, and to follow their careers. These campaigns are not only interesting for the wealth and concentration of materials surviving on military organisation, but also because of the political background against which the expeditions were undertaken, which included the attack upon the favourites of the King in Parliament by the Lords Appellant and the possible temporary deposition of Richard II. Advances made in historical computing techniques have made possible for the first time such detailed analysis of the personnel of a royal army.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Adrian Bell is Chair in the History of Finance, ICMA Centre, University of Reading
by Craig Taylor
Cambridge University Press 2013
Craig Taylor’s study examines the wide-ranging French debates on the martial ideals of chivalry and knighthood during the period of the Hundred Years War (1337-1453). Faced by stunning military disasters and the collapse of public order, writers and intellectuals carefully scrutinized the martial qualities expected of knights and soldiers. They questioned when knights and men-at-arms could legitimately resort to violence, the true nature of courage, the importance of mercy, and the role of books and scholarly learning in the very practical world of military men. Contributors to these discussions included some of the most famous French medieval writers, led by Jean Froissart, Geoffroi de Charny, Philippe de Mézières, Honorat Bovet, Christine de Pizan, Alain Chartier and Antoine de La Sale. This interdisciplinary study sets their discussions in context, challenging modern, romantic assumptions about chivalry and investigating the historical reality of debates about knighthood and warfare in late medieval France.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Craig Taylor is professor at the Department of History at the University of York. A fellow of both the Société de l’Histoire de France and the Royal Historical Society, his publications include Debating the Hundred Years War (2007) and Joan of Arc, La Pucelle (2006).
Yale University Press (October 27, 2015)
Published in partnership with the Royal Armouries, this comprehensive, sumptuously illustrated volume provides a defining reassessment of England’s legendary victory on the fields of Agincourt on October 25, 1415. Dramatized by William Shakespeare in Henry V, the Battle of Agincourt changed the course of the Hundred Years War and Britain’s relationship with her longtime enemy, France. In a remarkable work commemorating the 600th anniversary of arguably the most iconic military engagement of the medieval era, a wide range of experts examine the battle in its political, cultural, and geographical contexts, detailing strategies, tactics, armor, weapons, and fighting techniques while exploring the battlefield experiences of commanders and ordinary soldiers alike. In addition, this all-encompassing study offers deep analyses of many artifacts and aspects of the battle and its aftermath that have rarely been covered in other histories, including medicine and hygiene, the roles of faith and chivalry, the music of the times, and the experiences of women.
by Anne Curry
Boydell & Brewer 2000
Accessible collections of primary sources covering the Hundred Years War are still remarkably few and far between, and teachers of the subject will find Curry’s volume a valuable addition to their bibliographies and teaching aids. FRENCH HISTORY “Agincourt! Agincourt! Know ye not Agincourt?” So began a ballad of around 1600. Since the event itself (25 October 1415), the great military engagement has occupied a special place in both English and French consciousness, respectively as either one of the greatest military successes ever, or as the “accursed day”. Much ink has been spilt on the battle but do we really know Agincourt? Not since Harris Nicolas’s History of the Battle of Agincourt (1827-33) has there been a full attempt to survey the sources until now: this book brings together, in translation and with commentary, English and French narrative accounts and literary works of the fifteenth century. It also traces the treatment of the battle in sixteenth-century English histories and in the literary representations of, amongst others, Shakespeare and Drayton. After examining how later historians interpreted the battle, it concludes with the first full assessment of the extremely rich administrative records which survive for the armies which fought “upon Saint Crispin’s day”.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Anne Curry is Professor of Medieval History at the University of Southampton.
By Anne Curry
Series: Great Battles Series
Oxford University Press 2015
Agincourt (1415) is an exceptionally famous battle, one that has generated a huge and enduring cultural legacy in the six hundred years since it was fought. Everybody thinks they know what the battle was about. Even John Lennon, aged 12, wrote a poem and drew a picture headed ‘Agincourt’.
But why and how has Agincourt come to mean so much, to so many? Why do so many people claim their ancestors served at the battle? Is the Agincourt of popular image the real Agincourt, or is our idea of the battle simply taken from Shakespeare’s famous depiction of it? Written by the world’s leading expert on the battle, this book shows just why it has occupied such a key place in English identity and history in the six centuries since it was fought, exploring a cultural legacy that stretches from bowmen to Beatles, via Shakespeare, Dickens, and the First World War.
by Stephen Cooper
Pen and Sword 2014
The overwhelming victory of Henry V’s English army at Agincourt in October 1415 has passed into myth – as one of the defining events of the Hundred Years War against France, as a feat of arms outshining the previous famous English victories at Crécy and Poitiers, and as a milestone in English medieval history. This epic story of how an exhausted, outnumbered army, commanded by an inspirational leader, crushed a huge French force on French soil has given rise to legends and misconceptions that make it difficult for us to reach a clear understanding of what really happened on the battlefield 600 years ago. But that is what Stephen Cooper attempts in this thoroughgoing, perceptive and fascinating reconstruction and reassessment of the battle and its history. In graphic detail he describes the battle itself and the military expedition that led to it. He examines the causes of the conflict and the controversies associated with it, and traces how the story of the battle has been told over the centuries, by eyewitnesses and chroniclers and by the historians of the present day.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Stephen Cooper is an Oxford graduate, lawyer and civil servant who has previously written on life in eighteenth-century England and on English crime and criminals in the nineteenth century. But his main interest has always been in medieval history, and he has made a close study of the Hundred Years’ War and of mercenary warfare in medieval Italy. His most recent book is Sir John Hawkwood: Chivalry and the Art of War.
By Valérie Toureille
Albin Michel 2015
EAN13 : 9782226318923
When the French lost the battle at Agincourt in 1415 they were unprepared for the defeat, where much of the political and military elite lost their life. For the English, although outnumbered and worn to the bone by marching theough the bleak autumn landscape in Pircady, it was a great victory. As at Crécy and Poitiers the dreaded English archers made the difference.
In the aftermath of Agincourt France experienced a huge and unprecedented crisis. The country was divided between two competing legitimate governing sovereigns: the French Dauphin and the King of England. It took thirty-five years for France to regain its unity. In this long period of setbacks and disappointments, the events surrounding Joan of Arc are usually claimed to have played an important role. However, she would hardly have had an effect if a movement of resistance had not been formed in the aftermath of Agincourt.
Somehow, Agincourt, came to signal both the end of the chivalry and the growing national sentiments which fed the continuous war between France and England. In this new book Valérie Tourelle tells this story.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Valérie Toureille is lecturer at the Université de Cergy-Pontoise. She is also editor of the catalogue published in connection with the exhibition at Musée de l’Armée in Paris: Agincourt and Marignano 1415 – 1515
As night fell in Picardy on Thursday October 24, 1415, Henry V and his English troops, worn down by their long march after the taking of Harfleur and diminished by the dysentery they had suffered there, can little have dreamt that the battle of the next day would give them one of the most complete victories ever won. Anne Curry’s startling history recreates the campaign and battle from the perspectives of the English and the French. Only now, through an in-depth investigation of the contemporary narrative sources as well as the administrative records, and through a new look at the terrain where the battle was fought, can we come to firmer conclusions on what exactly happened and why. One of the best battle accounts ever published, Anne Curry has updated this classic work in honor of 600th anniversary of Agincourt.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Professor Anne Curry is currently dean of the Faculty of Humanities at University of Southampton. She has published widely on the history of the later Middle Ages and its warfare in particular. She is the also the initiator of the website www.medievalsoldier.org. where over 250.000 names of soldiers have been put on line in a searchable database.
by Peter Hoskins and Anne Curry
Pen and Sword 2015
Henry V’s English army triumphed over the French at Agincourt in northern France on 25 October 1415 in one of the defining battles of the Hundred Years War. Six hundred years later this famous event still excites passionate interest and provokes controversy, yet there are no up-to-date guides to the 1415 campaign, the battle itself and the aftermath. That is why the publication of this practical and authoritative guidebook by Peter Hoskins and Anne Curry is so timely.
As well as writing a graphic narrative of the entire campaign, based on the most recent scholarship and research, they take the motorist, cyclist and walker along the route of Henry’s army. The itinerary is divided into five tours which culminate in a vivid reconstruction of the Agincourt battle and a detailed guide to the battlefield. Important buildings and sites along the way are described, there are sketch maps showing the route of the English army, and town plans overlaid with details of the medieval defenses and monuments.
The book is a mine of fascinating historical information. It will be an essential traveling companion for readers who are interested in medieval history and warfare, the Hundred Years War and the extraordinary career of Henry V.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
Peter Hoskins is a former RAF pilot who writes, lectures and gives battlefield tours related to the Hundred Years War. He contributed to the recent BBC4 TV series on the Hundred Years War and is a member of the International Guild of Battlefield Guides. His recent book In the Steps of the Black Prince: The Road to Poitiers, 1355-1356 was highly praised. Anne Curry is former president of the Historical Association, former vice-president of the Royal Historical Society and Dean of the Faculty of Humanities and Professor of Medieval History at the University of Southampton.
By Juliet Barker
Back Bay Books; Reprint edition 2007
Agincourt took place on 25 October 1415 and was a turning-point not only in the Hundred Years War between England and France but also in the history of weaponry. Azincourt (as it is now) is in the Pas-de-Calais, and the French were famously defeated by an army led by Henry V. Henry V’s stunning victory revived England’s military prestige and greatly strengthened his territorial claims in France. The exhausted English army of about 9,000 men was engaged by 20,000 Frenchmen, but the limited space of battle favoured the more compact English forces. The undisciplined charges of the French combined with the exceptional skill of the English archers contributed to a pivotal moment in European warfare. Not more than 1,600 English soldiers died; the French probably lost more than 6,000 men.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Juliet Barker is the distinguished biographer of Wordsworth and the Bronte sisters. She is also a noted medievalist and lives with her family in the UK.
Henry V (Routledge Historical Biographies)
by John Matusiak
Series: Routledge Historical Biographies
Henry V of England, the princely hero of Shakespeare’s play, who successfully defeated the French at the Battle of Agincourt and came close to becoming crowned King of France, is one of the best known and most compelling monarchs in English history. This new biography takes a fresh look at his entire life and nine year reign, and gives a balanced view of Henry, who is traditionally seen as a great hero but has been more recently depicted as an obsessive egotist or, worse, a ruthless warlord. The book locates Henry’s style of kingship in the context of the time, and looks at often neglected other figures who influenced and helped him, such as his father and his uncles, Henry and Thomas Beaufort. John Matusiak shows that the situation confronting Henry at the outset of his reign was far more favourable than is often supposed but that he was nonetheless a man of prodigious gifts whose extraordinary achievements in battle left the deepest possible impression upon his contemporaries.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
John Matusiak was born in the East End of London in 1955 and studied at the universities of London and Sussex before embarking upon a teaching career that would span more than thirty years. For a third of that time, Matusiak was Head of the History Department at Colchester Royal Grammar School, which itself had been founded by Henry VIII in 1539. A Tudor specialist, John Matusiak’s historical essays have been widely published and praised; he is a regular contributor to The Historical Review. Other works include a biography of Henry V (published by Routeledge, October 2012). Now retired, John Matusiak lives in Colchester, Essex.
Henry V: New Interpretations
by Gwilym Dodd (Editor)
Boydell & Brewer 2013
Henry V (1413-22) is widely acclaimed as the most successful late medieval English king. In his short reign of nine and a half years, he re-imposed the rule of law, made the crown solvent, decisively crushed heresy, achieved a momentous victory at the battle of Agincourt (1415), and negotiated a remarkably favourable settlement for the English over the French in the Treaty of Troyes (1420). Above all, he restored the reputation of the English monarchy and united the English people behind the crown following decades of upheaval and political turmoil. But who was the man behind these achievements? What explains his success? How did he acquire such a glorious reputation? The ground-breaking essays contained in this volume provide the first concerted investigation of these questions in over two decades. Contributions range broadly across the period of Henry’s life, including his early years as Prince of Wales. They consider how Henry raised the money to fund his military campaigns and how his subjects responded to these financial exactions; how he secured royal authority in the localities and cultivated support within the political community; and how he consolidated his rule in France and earned for himself a reputation as the archetypal late medieval warrior king. Overall, the contributions provide new insights and a much better understanding of how Henry achieved this epithet. Gwilym Dodd is an Associate Professor in the Department of History, University of Nottingham. Contributors: Christopher Allmand, Mark Arvanigian, Michael Bennett, Anne Curry, Gwilym Dodd, Maureen Jurkowski, Alison K. McHardy, Neil Murphy, W. Mark Ormrod, Jenny Stratford, Craig Taylor.
ABOUT THE EDITOR:
Gwilym Dodd is an Associate Professor in the Department of History, University of Nottingham.
The Warrior King and the Invasion of France: Henry V, Agincourt, and the Campaign that Shaped Medieval England
by Desmond Seward
Pegasus Books. New edition 2014 (1. edition 1988)
Presenting a radical new look at Henry V—as a brilliant and brutal warmonger—this dynamic historical narrative will change our modern attitudes toward this warrior king.
In the course of the Hundred Years War, Henry V was the English figure most responsible for the mutual antipathy that existed between France and England. His art of attacking an opponent by making total war on civilians, as well as soldiers, created tremendous distrust and enmity between the two countries, which survives even to this day. He was a man of many contradictions, a perverse mix of rigorous orthodoxy—exemplified by his fanatical and intolerant religion—and of neurotic insecurity, stemming in part from the dubious nature of his claim to the English throne. Henry V owed his popularity at home to victories against the French that gratified an emerging English nationalism. A tremendously ardent military strategist who experimented with ballistics and built the first English navy, at the time of his early death at the age of thirty-six he controlled one-third of modern-day France. Utilizing new discoveries from local French historical societies, Desmond Seward draws a portrait of Henry V that shows him as a brilliant military strategist, ambitious conqueror, and, at least briefly, triumphant warrior king.
Rosetta Books 2009
This insightful look at the life of Henry V and the Battle of Agincourt casts new light on a period in history often held up as legend. A great English hero, Henry V was lionized by Shakespeare and revered by his countrymen for his religious commitment, his sense of justice, and his military victories. Here, noted historian and biographer Ian Mortimer takes a look at the man behind the legend and offers a clear, historically accurate, and realistic representation of a ruler who was all too human.
Mortimer digs up fascinating details about Henry V’s reign that have been lost to history, including the brutal strategies he adopted at the Battle of Agincourt. A fascinating look at the life of an iconic English king—ideal for students of medieval history.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Ian Mortimer is a British historian and historical fiction author. He holds a PhD from the University of Exeter and a Master’s degree from the University of London, and is currently a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He is the author of the Sunday Times best-selling book A Time Traveler’s Guide to Elizabethan London, as well as detailed biographies of Roger Mortimer, First Earl of March, Edward III, Henry IV, and Henry V. He is well known for developing and promoting the theory that Edward II did not meet his end in Berkeley Castle in 1327, as is held by conventional theory.