Participation in society in the Greek and Roman eras was a question of civic identy. The main question raised in the new collection of articles focus on the question how these civic identities lived on and took new forms in the Early Middle Ages, c. 300-1000.
Civic Identity and Civic Participation in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages
Ed by Cedric Brelaz and Els Rose
During the Ancient Greek and Roman eras, participation in political communities at the local level, and assertion of belonging to these communities, were among the fundamental principles and values on which societies would rely. For that reason, citizenship and democracy are generally considered as concepts typical of the political experience of Classical Antiquity. These concepts of citizenship and democracy are often seen as inconsistent with the political, social, and ideological context of the late and post-Roman world in the Early Middle Ages. As a result, scholarship has largely overlooked participation in local political communities when it comes to the period between the disintegration of the Classical model of local citizenship in the later Roman Empire and the emergence of ‘pre-communal’ entities in Northern Italy from the ninth century onwards.
By reassessing the period c. 300-1000 CE, the Early Middle Ages, through the concepts of civic identity and civic participation, this volume will reassess both the impact of Classical heritage with regard to civic identities in the political experiences of the late and post-Roman world, and the rephrasing of new forms of social and political partnership according to ethnic or religious criteria in the early Middle Ages.
Starting from the earlier imperial background, the fourteen chapters examine the ways in which people shared identity and gave shape to their communal life, as well as the role played by the people in local government in the later Roman Empire, the Germanic kingdoms, Byzantium, the early Islamic world, and the early medieval West. By focusing on the post-Classical, late antique, and early medieval periods, this volume intends to be an innovative contribution to the general history of citizenship and democracy.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Introduction, p. 15
Cédric Brélaz, Els Rose
Part I. Local Communities, Citizenship, and Civic Participation in the Early Roman Empire (First–Third Century ce)
Local Citizenship and Civic Participation in the Western Provinces of the Roman Empire, p. 39
Democracy, Citizenship(s), and ‘Patriotism’. Civic Practices and Discourses in the Greek Cities under Roman Rule, p. 65
Part II. Local Identities, Civic Government, and Popular Participation in Late Antiquity
Civic Identity and Civic Participation in Constantinople, p. 93
Social Status and Civic Participation in Early Byzantine Cities, p. 111
Informal Expressions of Popular Will in Late Roman Africa, p. 145
Julio Cesar Magalhães de Oliveira
Urban Identities in Late Roman Italy, p. 167
Cities and Civic Identities in Late Roman and Visigothic Spain, p. 195
Part III. Rephrasing Citizenship
Personal Identity in the Later Roman Empire, p. 215
A Relationship of Justice. Becoming the People in Late Antiquity, p. 249
Peter Van Nuffelen
Reconfiguring Civic Identity and Civic Participation in a Christianizing World. The Case of Sixth-Century Arles, p. 271
Legalizing Ethnicity. The Remaking of Citizenship in Post-Roman Gaul (Sixth-Seventh Centuries), p. 295
Stefan Esders, Helmut Reimitz
Part IV. Expressions of Civic Identity in the Early Middle Ages
Urban Populations in Early Islam. Self-Identification and Collective Representation, p. 333
Urban Culture in the Early Medieval West. The Case of the Episcopal Towns in the German Kingdom, p. 363
Elites and Urban Communities in Early Medieval Italy. Identities, Political Initiatives, and Ways of (Self-) Representation, p. 391
Gianmarco De Angelis
Citizenship and Contexts of Belonging. A Postscript, p. 417